Module 10: Resources


Peppered through this guide have been links to different stories, statistics, and information to help you better understand the motivations of online grooming, some of the psychology behind what happens, and ways and places to report. The following resources and links are designed to shed some more light on what parents and safe adults can do to help the young people in their lives, along with useful information and ways of reporting. This is not an exhaustive list of credible resources and articles, but a good place to begin learning. 

*While the term ‘parent’ is used in some of these articles, all the information is applicable to community members, educators, youth mentors, or any other safe adult that works or spends time with children and youth.

  • C.A.S.E.Y
  • Coalition Against the Sexual Exploitation of Youth (C.A.S.E.Y) is a Newfoundland based group of concerned professionals and experiential voices in the community that work together to address issues pertaining to the sexual exploitation of youth.
  • Common Sense Media
  • Common sense media is a website designed to help safe adults understand the games and apps (among other things) that children and youth are using. It rates different social media apps and helps to navigate the vast world of technology.
  • Cybertip
  • is Canada’s national tip line for reporting online sexual exploitation. This site offers resources, statistics, information, and most importantly access to low barrier reporting. 
  • Need Help Now
  • This website shows you how to report if your image has been shared on different social media outlets and tips on helping a young person you may be concerned about.
  • Teenagers, Stop Asking for Nude Photos
    • This New York Times article talks about the importance of changing the conversation from “don’t send nude photos” to “stop asking for nude photos”
  • Three words every parent needs to know
    • An in-depth look at grooming, mirroring, and fishing and what these terms mean online
  • Zoe and Molly
  • This is a great, kid friendly, interactive website that lets children play a game and  decide what is the right choice in different scenarios. It offers safety tips, comics, and information to help kids understand online safety in an age appropriate way.


  • Design a brochure about signs of grooming/abuse and list resources of your choice for reaching out.

Feedback Survey:

References/ Works Cited

Berson, I. R. (2003). Grooming Cybervictims. Journal of School Violence, 2(1), 5-18.

Child Internet Safety – (2015, March). Retrieved from on the Internet (Parent Guide).pdf

Child sexual abuse images on the internet(2016).

Eliav, J., & Smith, T. Internet sexual exploitation of children and youth: 10 years later— what’s really happening.

Hanson, Elly. (2017). The Impact of Online Sexual Abuse on Children and Young People: Impact, Protection and Prevention. 10.1002/9781118977545.ch6

Henshaw, Marie, Ogloff, James R. P, & Clough, Jonathan A. (2018). Demographic, mental health, and offending characteristics of online child exploitation material offenders: A comparison with contact-only and dual sexual offenders. Behavioral Sciences & the Law,36(2), 198-215.

Hillman, H., Hooper, C., & Choo, K. R. (2014, November 19). Online child exploitation: Challenges and future research directions. Retrieved from

Internet Safety Information for Youth.

Kimberly J. Mitchell , David Finkelhor , Lisa M. Jones & Janis Wolak (2010)
Growth and change in undercover online child exploitation investigations, 2000–2006, Policing & Society, 20:4, 416-431, DOI: 10.1080/10439463.2010.523113

Lorenzo-Dus, Nuria, & Izura, Cristina. (2017). “cause ur special”: Understanding trust and complimenting behaviour in online grooming discourse. Journal of Pragmatics, 112, 68-82.

Moss, S. (n.d.). Aexual exploitation and trafficking of children and youth in Canada.

Munro, E. R. (2011, August). The protection of children online: A brief scoping review … 
Retrieved from

Ospina, M., Harstall, C., & Dennett, L. (2010, April). Sexual exploitation of children and youth over the internet: A rapid review of scientific literature. Retrieved from

Owen, E., & Gowen, K. (n.d.). For educators: A guide to teaching about sexually explicit content online – the basics. Retrieved from

Rousseau, D. Online Child Sexual Abuse: The Invisible Offenders | Danielle Rousseau.

Schwartz, D. (2013). The fine line between ‘sexting’ and child pornography | CBC News.

The EARN IT Act: Holding the Tech Industry Accountable in the Fight Against Online Child
Sexual Exploitation”. (2020, March 11). Retrieved from

Whittle, H. C., Hamilton-Giachritsis, C., & Beech, A. R. (2013, August 01). Victims’ Voices: The Impact of Online Grooming and Sexual Abuse. Retrieved from

Wood, A. C., & Wheatcroft, J. M. (2020, March 23.). Young Adult Perceptions of Internet Communications and the Grooming Concept. Retrieved from